Common reasons behind painful intercourse

Painful intercourse or dyspareunia is a common issue that can significantly impact the quality of life and intimate relationships. Here are some common reasons behind painful intercourse stated by the best gynecologists in Mukundapur.

What are the reasons behind painful intercourse?

  1. Vaginal Dryness: Vaginal dryness is a prevalent cause of pain during intercourse, often resulting from insufficient lubrication. This condition can be linked to hormonal changes like those occurring during menopause, breastfeeding or the use of certain medications. Vaginal dryness can cause friction and discomfort, making intercourse painful.
  2. Infections: Various infections can lead to painful intercourse. These include yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) like herpes or chlamydia. Infections can cause inflammation, itching and irritation in the vaginal area, resulting in discomfort during sexual activity.
  3. Vaginismus: It is a condition where there is an involuntary tightness of the muscles around the vagina. This muscle spasm can make penetration painful or even impossible, says the top gynecologists in Mukundapur.
  4. Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a chronic condition where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus. This can cause significant pain during intercourse, particularly deep penetration. Endometriosis can also lead to other symptoms like pelvic pain, heavy periods and infertility.
  5. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): As per the best gynecologist doctors in Mukundapur, it is an infection of the female reproductive organs, usually caused by sexually transmitted bacteria. PID can cause chronic pelvic pain as well as discomfort during intercourse. Prompt treatment with antibiotics helps prevent long-term complications.
  6. Skin Disorders: Skin conditions like lichen sclerosus can affect the genital area, causing pain, itching and scarring. These conditions can make the skin around the genitals fragile and more susceptible to pain during intercourse.
  7. Uterine Fibroids: These are non-cancerous growths that can cause heavy bleeding, pelvic pain and pain during intercourse. Based on their size and location, fibroids can exert pressure on surrounding organs, leading to discomfort during sex.
  8. Hormonal Imbalances: Hormonal imbalances, particularly low estrogen levels, can lead to thinning of the vaginal walls, reducing elasticity and causing pain. This is common during menopause, postpartum or in women who have had their ovaries removed.
  9. Irritants: Certain products like soaps or lubricants can irritate the vaginal tissues, leading to pain during intercourse. It’s important to identify and avoid products that cause irritation.


A medical evaluation is often necessary to determine the root cause behind painful intercourse. If you experience persistent pain during intercourse, seek professional advice from the best gynecologists in Mukundapur to address the issue effectively.