What is Endoscopy ?
During an endoscopy, the surgeon will insert an endoscope through an opening or a small cut in your body. For instance, they can insert the endoscope into your body through your mouth. It is a flexible tube with an attached camera that allows your doctor to remove tissue for a biopsy.
Why is an endoscopy done?
1. The cause of abnormal symptoms
2. Remove a tissue that will be sent to a lab for further testing as a part of an endoscopic biopsy.
3. Check the inside of your body during a surgical procedure to repair an ulcer and remove tumours and gallstones.
Which are the procedures performed under endoscopy?
The doctor will not insert an endoscope into your body in virtual endoscopy. This test involves CT scans of some sections of your body. Some of the procedures involve virtual colonoscopy and virtual bronchoscopy. Virtual colonoscopy allows the doctor to check the inside of your colon, while a Virtual Bronchoscopy is used to look inside your lungs.
2. Capsule endoscopy :
Another innovation in endoscopic procedures is capsule endoscopy, in which a patient swallows a vitamin size capsule which has a camera. It takes pictures of the inside of your small intestine, stomach, and oesophagus. During this procedure, you will be given a device to wear that will record the pictures for eight hours. Your doctor will go through the reports to diagnose the condition and propose the best treatment options.
When will you need an endoscopy?
2. Chronic constipation
4. Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis
5. Gastroesophageal reflux disease
7. Stomach ulcer
8. Problems related to the digestive tract
9. Hiatal hernia
What is a Colonoscopy ?
Why is a Colonoscopy done ?
A colonoscopy can help your doctor check the causes of rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, chronic diarrhoea, and intestinal problems.
2. Check for polyps :
If you had polyps before, your doctor would recommend a colonoscopy to check and remove additional polyps. This will help in reducing your risk of colon cancer.
3. To treat :
A colonoscopy can sometimes be used for treatment purposes like removing an object from the colon or placing a stent.
4. Colon cancer screening :
You may be at risk of colon cancer if you are forty-five or older. Hence, your doctor might ask you to get a colonoscopy for colon cancer screening every ten years.