Uterine fibroids, noncancerous growths of the uterus, affect many women, especially during their childbearing years. These growths can cause discomfort pain, and interfere with fertility. To accurately diagnose uterine fibroids, various diagnostic tests are employed by doctors. Here, the best gynecologist doctors in Mukundapur have discussed some common diagnostic tests to identify uterine fibroids.

Signs you have uterine fibroids

Before diving into the diagnostic tests for uterine fibroids, let us check out the signs that indicate the latter’s presence. 

  1. Menstrual Changes:
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding that may require frequent changing of pads or tampons.
  • Prolonged menstrual periods that last for more than a week.
  1. Pelvic Pain or Pressure:
  • Persistent and dull pelvic pain or discomfort.
  • Feeling of fullness or pressure in the lower abdomen.
  1. Frequent Urination:
  • Increased frequency of urination, particularly if the fibroids press against the bladder.
  1. Pain During Intercourse:
  • Pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse or dyspareunia.
  1. Lower Backache:
  • Chronic lower back pain or general lower back discomfort.
  1. Enlarged Abdomen:
  • Abdominal bloating or enlargement due to the presence of large fibroids.
  1. Constipation or Difficulty Emptying the Bladder:
  • Pressure on the rectum or bladder caused by fibroids can lead to constipation or difficulty emptying the bladder.
  1. Lower Abdominal Swelling:
  • Noticeable enlargement or swelling of the lower abdomen, often accompanied by a feeling of fullness.
  1. Fertility Issues:
  • Difficulty conceiving or recurrent miscarriages, though not all fibroids affect fertility.
  1. Pelvic Cramping or Pain Between Periods:

Unusual pelvic cramping or pain occurring at any time during the menstrual cycle.

  1. Leg Pains or Backaches:
  • Rarely, fibroids can press on nerves, causing leg pains or backaches.

Diagnostic tests

As per a reputed gynecologist, these are some tests that help diagnose uterine fibroids. 

  • Pelvic Ultrasound: Pelvic ultrasound is a primary diagnostic tool for detecting uterine fibroids. High-frequency sound waves help in creating an image of the uterus, allowing doctors to locate and measure fibroids.
  • Transvaginal Ultrasound: It involves the insertion of a probe into the vagina to obtain a closer and clearer view of the uterus and any fibroids. It is especially effective in detecting smaller fibroids.
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): MRI offers detailed images of the uterus and fibroids. It determines the location, size, and type of fibroids, aiding in treatment planning.
  • Blood Tests: Blood tests might be conducted to measure hormone levels like estrogen and progesterone. Imbalances in these hormones contribute to the growth of fibroids.
  • Laparoscopy: Laparoscopy is a kind of surgical procedure where a small camera is inserted through a small incision in one’s abdomen to visualize the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. It can help diagnose and sometimes treat uterine fibroids.
  • CT Scan (Computed Tomography): CT scans may be used to provide a comprehensive view of the pelvis, helping in identifying and locating uterine fibroids.
  • Clinical Examination: A thorough pelvic examination by a doctor can sometimes detect an enlarged uterus or irregularities suggestive of uterine fibroids.

Depending on the symptoms and the diagnostic findings, the best gynecologist doctor can suggest appropriate treatments.