Cholesterol is a fatty substance present in the blood that your body needs to function properly. However, when there is an excess amount of cholesterol, particularly LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, it can build up in the artery walls, forming plaques. Over time, these plaques can harden and narrow the arteries, reducing blood flow to the heart muscle. Know more about the connection between heart disease and high cholesterol from the best heart specialists in Mukundapur.
How high cholesterol causes heart disease
When the blood flow to your heart is restricted, it can lead to various cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease, angina (chest pain), heart attack, and stroke. High cholesterol is often considered a silent killer because it does not cause noticeable symptoms until a major cardiac event occurs. Therefore, it is essential to monitor your cholesterol levels regularly and take appropriate measures to manage them.
Early signs of high cholesterol
High cholesterol often has no symptoms but can pose serious health risks. However, there are some signs that may indicate high cholesterol levels. The best cardiac surgeons in Mukundapur have listed these signs.
1. Chest pain or angina
2. Shortness of breath
3. Fatigue or weakness
4. Pain in the legs or calves, especially during physical activity
5. Xanthomas (small, fatty deposits) under the skin or around the eyes
6. Erectile dysfunction in men
7. Yellowish patches on the eyelids
8. Pale or white-colored regions around the cornea of the eye
Diagnosis of high cholesterol
To determine if you have high cholesterol, a blood test known as a lipid profile can be done. This test works by measuring the levels of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol (the “bad” cholesterol), HDL cholesterol (the “good” cholesterol), and triglycerides.
Certain lifestyle changes are recommended to reduce the chances of developing high cholesterol and heart disease. These include maintaining a balanced and healthy diet that is low in saturated and trans fats and rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Regular physical activity, such as aerobic exercises and strength training, can also help to maintain healthy cholesterol levels.
In some cases, lifestyle modifications may not be sufficient, and medications may be prescribed to control cholesterol levels. Statins are one of the most commonly prescribed medications for high cholesterol. They work by lowering LDL cholesterol and reducing inflammation in the arteries. It is important to note that medication should always be taken under the guidance of a heart specialist. By adopting a healthy lifestyle, monitoring your cholesterol levels, and seeking appropriate medical interventions when necessary, you can reduce the likelihood of developing heart-related complications. Remember, prevention is key when it comes to maintaining a healthy heart. Consult the best heart specialists in Mukundapur to regulate your cholesterol levels and prevent heart diseases.