A biliary obstruction or bile duct obstruction refers to a blockage in the bile ducts. Bile is the digestive juice that breaks down fats. The best gastroenterologist clinic in Mukundapur educates us on the causes and treatment of biliary obstruction.

Causes of biliary obstruction

The following are the causes of biliary obstruction:

  • Gallstones

Gallstones in the bile duct are one of the most common causes of biliary obstruction, which can block the bile ducts and interfere with the flow of bile.

  • Biliary strictures

This refers to the narrowing or scarring of the bile ducts due to inflammation or injury that can lead to obstruction.

  • Choledochal cysts

It is a rare congenital condition where cysts slow the flow of bile.

  • Inflammation

Conditions such as pancreatitis, cholecystitis or cholangitis may lead to biliary obstruction.

  • Parasitic infections

Infections like liver flukes or parasites may lead to a blockage in the bile ducts.

  • Biliary tumours

Cancerous or noncancerous tumours in the bile ducts, liver, pancreas or nearby organs may cause a blockage.

Symptoms of biliary obstruction

The signs of bile duct obstruction are as follows:

  • Upper abdominal pain

Pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen, often on the right side, may occur.

  • Jaundice

The yellowing of the eyes and skin occurs as a result of an accumulation of bilirubin in the bloodstream.

  • Dark urine

Urine may appear dark or tea-coloured due to the presence of bilirubin.

  • Pale stools

Stools may become pale or clay-coloured due to a lack of bile pigment.

  • Nausea and vomiting

Some individuals may experience nausea, vomiting or loss of appetite.

  • Fever and chills

In cases of infection, fever and chills may be present. Visit the best gastroenterology doctors in Mukundapur on an immediate basis in case you observe any of the above signs.

Treatment of bile duct obstruction

Treatment for a bile duct obstruction depends on how urgently an individual needs care and what’s causing the blockage. Treatments include the following:

  • ERCP

A surgeon may remove gallstones from the bile ducts during an ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography). The endoscope contains instruments which allow the surgeon to crush and remove the stones.

  • Gallbladder removal surgery

An individual may need their gallbladder removed if they get frequent gallstones that cause obstructions. Usually, it involves minimally invasive surgery called laparoscopy. A person can live a healthy life without a gallbladder.

  • Stents

A doctor may insert a metal or plastic tube called a stent inside the bile ducts to widen them or keep them open. A stent may be required if strictures are causing an obstruction.


The best gastroenterologist clinic in Mukundapur provides comprehensive care to individuals and helps in avoiding complications.