Heart disease denotes a wide range of problems that affect the functioning of the heart. It includes irregular heartbeats, defects in the heart muscle and valves, etc. Below, the best heart specialists in Mukundapur have discussed some of the common heart problems that affect people.
Different types of heart defects
- Coronary Artery Disease: This is the most prevalent form of heart disease. It arises when the arteries responsible for delivering blood to the heart become obstructed due to the accumulation of cholesterol. Over time, the blood and oxygen supply to the organ reduces, gradually weakening it. This increases the chances of heart failure and arrhythmias.
- Congenital heart defects: These refer to a series of heart problems present from the time of birth. Various types of such defects exist, including:
- Atypical heart valves: These valves do not open correctly or cause blood leakage.
- Septal defects: In this defect, there are holes in the walls between either the lower chambers or upper chambers of the heart.
- Pulmonary atresia: This condition is characterized by the absence of one of the heart valves.
- Arrhythmia: This disease is characterized by an irregular heartbeat. When electrical impulses that coordinate the functioning of the heart fail to work properly, the heart beats irregularly. The best cardiac surgeons have further enlisted the different types of Arrhythmia:
- Tachycardia: In this condition, the heart beats too fast.
- Bradycardia: It is characterized by slow heartbeats.
- Dilated cardiomyopathy: In this anomaly, the heart chambers dilate, meaning they stretch and become thinner in the process. Common causes include previous heart attacks, arrhythmias, and exposure to toxins, with genetic factors also being a significant contributor. It weakens the heart, impairing its ability to effectively pump blood, leading to complications such as arrhythmia, blood clot formation in the heart, and, ultimately, heart failure.
- Aortic stenosis: In this case, the valve that pumps blood out of the heart does not open correctly. This makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood from one of its chambers into the aorta. A lot of people have this defect from birth if the valves fail to form properly. Some people get it later in life due to scarring or accumulation of calcium on the aortic valve.
People who experience frequent chest pain, shortness of breath or fatigue must reach out to the best heart specialists to get their cardiac health diagnosed and undergo proper treatment for overall well-being.