Endometriosis is characterized by the abnormal growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. It can lead to chronic pain, fertility issues, and other complications. Here, a gynecologist in mukundapur, Kolkata will delve into the causes, symptoms, and treatments for endometriosis.

Causes of Endometriosis

According to the top gynecologist Kolkata, one suspected cause is retrograde menstruation, where menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows backward into the pelvic cavity instead of exiting the body. Genetic factors, hormonal imbalances, and immune system dysfunction might also have a key role in the development of endometriosis.


As per the best gynecologist in mukundapur, the symptoms of endometriosis may include:

  • Pelvic pain: Chronic pelvic pain, ranging from mild to severe, is the primary symptom of endometriosis. The pain may occur before and during menstruation, during sexual intercourse, or throughout a menstrual cycle.
  • Painful periods: Women with endometriosis mostly experience intense menstrual cramps that may be accompanied by lower back pain.
  • Painful intercourse: Deep pain during or after intercourse is a common symptom.
  • Infertility: Endometriosis can lead to fertility issues, as abnormal tissue growth may block or damage the fallopian tubes or affect the eggs.
  • Fatigue and gastrointestinal symptoms: Some women with endometriosis may experience fatigue, bloating, diarrhea, constipation, or other gastrointestinal disturbances.


  • Pain Management: Over-the-counter pain relievers may provide temporary relief for mild symptoms. However, stronger prescription medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), can help manage more severe pain.
  • Hormonal Therapy: Hormonal treatments, such as birth control pills, hormone patches, or hormone-releasing intrauterine devices (IUDs), can help regulate hormone levels and reduce the growth of endometrial tissue.
  • Surgery: Laparoscopic surgery, known as excision surgery, aims to remove endometrial implants and scar tissue. In severe cases, a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) may be considered if other treatments fail.
  • Fertility and Pregnancy: Endometriosis can significantly impact fertility. However, many women with endometriosis can conceive with the assistance of assisted reproductive technologies (ART). Seeking guidance from a reproductive specialist can provide valuable insights and options for individuals trying to conceive.
  • Alternative Therapies: Some women find relief through complementary approaches like acupuncture, dietary changes, exercise, and stress management techniques. These therapies can be used alongside medical treatments to improve overall well-being.

By understanding the causes, recognizing the common symptoms, and exploring the available treatment options, women with endometriosis can work with the top gynecologists in Mukundapur to manage the condition effectively.