Epistaxis, also commonly known as nosebleeds, occurs when blood is lost from the tissue lining inside the nose. A mixture of small blood vessels that line the interior of the nose and dry air leads to nosebleeds. Simple steps are involved in their treatment and prevention.

At the diagnostic centre in Mukundapur, the primary aim is to stop the bleeding, avoid complications and address issues that contribute to it.

The majority of nosebleeds affect only a single nostril, but they can also have an effect on both simultaneously. However, there are several causes of nosebleeds; read on to learn more.


One of the most common causes of nosebleeds is due to dry air formed by hot climates or heated air indoors. Both environments affect the nasal membrane, making it dry and resulting in cracks. Blowing the nose or picking it induces bleeding. The following factors cause nosebleeds –

  • Infections

Conditions like colds, sinusitis and respiratory infections lead to continuous coughing, sneezing and nose-blowing.

  • Allergies

Allergic as well as non-allergic inflammation of the nasal lining are the causes of nosebleeds.

  • Trauma

Any injury caused to the nose due to blowing or picking forcefully.

  • Chemical irritants

Chemicals that are released from cleaning supplies and fumes at certain workplaces, including strong odors, may be the cause of a nosebleed.

  • High Altitudes

In high altitudes, the air is thinner and much dryer. 

  • Deviated septum

Another cause is when the wall that separates both sides of your nose is shaped abnormally.

  • Nasal Sprays

Nasal medications and sprays that are frequently used in the treatment of an itchy, runny or stuffy nose can sometimes dry out the nasal membranes, leading to a nosebleed.

In rare cases, to address the causes of nosebleeds, surgery may be required. In this scenario, a consultation with ENT specialists in Mukundapur will be the best option for the same. 

Other causes of nosebleeds that are less common include the following – bleeding disorders, high blood pressure, nasal and facial surgery and nasal tumors. Nasal polyps and leukemia cause nosebleeds as well.


  • Nasal endoscopy

This procedure includes the insertion of a thin, flexible tube with a camera and light into the nostril to assess nasal passages. This can help identify the reason for bleeding from the nose.

  • Adjustments to medication

Stopping blood thinning medications or seeking alternatives will be helpful. Medicines that regulate blood pressure can sometimes be a necessity. 

  • Ice pack application

Applying an ice pack to the nose bridge can aid in constricting blood vessels and reduce bleeding.


Nosebleeds are an irritating condition and ideally not a very serious concern but they must be addressed with prompt and appropriate medical care from doctors at the leading diagnostic centre in Mukundapur.